Examples of inlet boundary conditions settings are displayed in Figures

and

.
It is possible to define an arbitrary number of inlet boundary conditions. They can be assigned to individual inlet patches defined in the section “Components”.
There are several possible ways how to prescribe the desired behavior of the simulated fields at the inlet to the computational domain: Prescribing a fixed inflow (either in kg/s or m

/s), or requesting a fixed total pressure. The choice of the boundary conditions is done by selection of one item of the drop-down list “Inlet BC”. The rest of the panel is then adjusted to the user’s choice.
Parameters of the turbulence model chosen in the section “Turbulence” are common to all boundary condition types. If

or

model is used, then the parameters

*“Turbulent energy intensity”* and

*“Turbulent dissipation”* are available. If Spalart-Allmaras model is used, then

*“Turbulent eddy viscosity”* is available.

*“Turbulent energy intensity”* sets the fraction of the inlet turbulent and total kinetic energy , typically five per cent (0.05).
*“Turbulent dissipation”* sets the inlet turbulent energy dissipation within the models, or the inlet turbulent energy dissipation rate within the turbulent model.
*“Turbulent eddy viscosity”* sets the incoming value of the quantity .

The exclusive parameters of the

*“Mass flow rate”* inlet boundary condition are:

The exclusive parameters of the

*“Volumetric flow rate”* inlet boundary condition are:

The exclusive parameters of the

*“Total pressure”* inlet boundary condition are:

*“Total pressure”*, which is the inlet total pressure and
*“Total temperature”*, which is the inlet total temperature (only needed and available for compressible simulations).

The exclusive parameters of the

*“Fixed velocity”* inlet boundary condition are:

*“Fixed velocity”*, which are the components of the velocity at the inlet.

The flow rate boundary conditions have also directed variants (

*“Directed mass flow rate”* and

*“Directed volumetric flow rate”*), which allow specification of the angle of the velocity vectors at inlet. This is done by setting the meridional and circumferential angle

of the inlet direction. The inlet direction is a vector that points typically outside from the geometry and the velocity vectors will be oriented to be antiparallel with the inlet direction vectors (i.e. to point inwards). The meridional angle

is the angle between the inlet direction vectors and the direction of the rotation axis. Allowed values of the meridional angle are between 0 and 180 degrees. The circumferential angle

of the inlet direction vector at a given face is the angle between the inlet direction vector and the plane formed by the axis and the position vector of the given face. The range of the circumferential angles is from -90 degrees to +90 degrees, where positive angles correspond to positive orientation with respect to the rotation axis (right hand rule).
Most of the dimensioned quantities have a user-selectable unit. Also, when the calculation is set up as transient

and the advanced mode is switched on, then some of the boundary condition parameters accept a CSV file with time-dependent values of the parameter. The first column of the CSV file must contain the times, the second column must contain the values of the parameter (e.g. mass flow or total pressure), in the same units as chosen for the steady-state initial calculation. Clicking on “+ CSV” button will open a file selection dialog; alternatively, the path to the file can be put by hand into the edit field next to the button. When no time-dependent CSV data are specified, then the transient calculation will use the same value for the boundary condition parameter as the stationary calculation. If the calculation is set to run longer than what times are available in the CSV file, it will use the last available value of the parameter once the maximal time defined in CSV is exceeded.